Once colloquially known as harelip cleft lip may be unilateral or bilateral. The term harelip is usually perceived as insulting because it compares the deformity in humans to the normal cleft lip of a hare.
A congenital facial defect of the lip usually the upper lip due to failure of fusion of the medial and lateral nasal prominences and maxillary prominence.
What is a harelip. The cleft in the lip may or may not be accompanied by a cleft in the palate. Harelip refers to a split in the lip at birth that looks rather like the split in a hare s lip hence the term. Medical dictionary for the health professions and nursing farlex 2012.
A cleft is a birth defect that occurs when the tissues of the lip and or palate of the fetus do not fuse very early in pregnancy. A cleft lip contains an opening in the upper lip that may extend into the nose. A cleft palate occurs when the roof of the mouth contains an opening into the nose.
These disorders can result in feeding problems speech problems hearing problems and frequent ear infections. A cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth. A split in the roof of the mouth that doesn t affect the appearance of the face.
Other words from harelip. Cleft lip relatively common congenital deformity in which the central to medial upper lip fails to fuse properly during the second month of prenatal life resulting in a fissure in the lip beneath the nostril. Medical definition of harelip.
The term harelip originated in france lip like a hare s and the english shortened it to harelip. Harelip the description like the lip of a hare was first applied in greek by galen to a cleft or ridge in the upper lip which results from defective development during fetal life. Preferred form cleft lip.
Frequently associated with cleft alveolus and cleft palate. The accepted term for this medical condition is cleft lip. Pathology a congenital cleft or fissure in the midline of the upper lip resembling the cleft upper lip of a hare often occurring with cleft palate.
A cleft lip sometimes referred to as a harelip is an opening in the upper lip that can extend into the base of the nostril. A harelip is an old term for what is now called a cleft lip. Less commonly a cleft occurs only in the muscles of the soft palate submucous cleft palate which are at the back of the mouth and covered by the mouth s lining.
The opening may be on one side both sides or in the middle.